Common tasks

These are some common tasks to be done as a part of developing and maintaining repo2docker. If you’d like more guidance for how to do these things, reach out in the JupyterHub Gitter channel.

Running tests

We have a lot of tests for various cases supported by repo2docker in the tests/ subdirectory. If you fix a bug or add new functionality consider adding a new test to prevent the bug from coming back. These use py.test.

You can run all the tests with:

py.test -s tests/*

If you want to run a specific test, you can do so with:

py.test -s tests/<path-to-test>

Update and Freeze BuildPack Dependencies

This section covers the process by which repo2docker defines and updates the dependencies that are installed by default for several buildpacks.

For both the conda and virtualenv (pip) base environments in the Conda BuildPack and Python BuildPack, we install specific pinned versions of all dependencies. We explicitly list the dependencies we want, then freeze them at commit time to explicitly list all the transitive dependencies at current versions. This way, we know that all dependencies will have the exact same version installed at all times.

To update one of the dependencies shared across all repo2docker builds, you must follow these steps (with more detailed information in the sections below):

  1. Make sure you have Docker running on your computer
  2. Bump the version numbers of the dependencies you want to update in the conda environment (link)
  3. Make a pull request with your changes (link)

See the subsections below for more detailed instructions.

Conda dependencies

  1. There are two files related to conda dependencies. Edit as needed.

    • repo2docker/buildpacks/conda/environment.yml

      Contains list of packages to install in Python3 conda environments, which are the default. This is where all Notebook versions & notebook extensions (such as JupyterLab / nteract) go.

    • repo2docker/buildpacks/conda/

      Contains list of packages to install in Python2 conda environments, which can be specifically requested by users. This only needs IPyKernel and kernel related libraries. Notebook / Notebook Extension need not be installed here.

  2. Once you edit either of these files to add a new package / bump version on an existing package, you should then run:

    cd ./repo2docker/buildpacks/conda/

    This script will resolve dependencies and write them to the respective .frozen.yml files. You will need docker installed to run this script.

  3. After the freeze script finishes, a number of files will have been created. Commit the following subset of files to git:

  4. Make a pull request; see details below.

  5. Once the pull request is approved (but not yet merged), Update the change log (details below) and commit the change log, then update the pull request.

Make a Pull Request

Once you’ve made the commit, please make a Pull Request to the jupyterhub/repo2docker repository, with a description of what versions were bumped / what new packages were added and why. If you fix a bug or add new functionality consider adding a new test to prevent the bug from coming back/the feature breaking in the future.

Creating a Release

We try to make a release of repo2docker every few months if possible.

We follow semantic versioning.

Check that the Change log is ready and then tag a new release locally:

V=0.7.0 git tag -am "release $V" $V
git push origin --tags

When the travis run completes check that the new release is available on PyPI.

Update the change log

To add your change to the change log, find the relevant Feature/Bug fix/API change section for the next release near the top of the file; then add one or two sentences as a new bullet point about your changes. Include the pull request or issue number between square brackets at the end.

Some details:

  • versioning follows the x.y.z, major.minor.bugfix numbering

  • bug fixes go into the next bugfix release. If there isn’t any, you can create a new section (see point below). Don’t worry if you’re not sure about that, and think it should go into a next major or minor release: an admin will let you know, or move the change later to the appropriate section

  • API changes should preferably go into the next major release, unless they are backward compatible (for example, a deprecated function keyword): then they can go into the next minor release. For release with major release 0, non-backward compatible breaking changes are also fine for the next minor release.

  • new features should go into the next minor release.

  • if there is no section for the appropriate release, you can add one:

    follow the versioning scheme, by simply increasing the relevant number for one of the major /minor/bugfix numbers, appropriate for your change (see the above bullet points); add the release section. Then add three subsections: new features, api changes, and bug fixes. Leave out the sections that are not appropriate for the newlye added release section.

Release candidate versions in the change log are only temporary, and should be superseded by either a next release candidate, or the final release for that version (bugfix version 0).

Keeping the Pipfile and requirements files up to date

We now have both a dev-requirements.txt and a Pifile for repo2docker, as such it is important to keep these in sync/up-to-date.

Both files use pip identifiers so if you are updating for example the Sphinx version in the doc-requirements.txt (currently Sphinx = ">=1.4,!=1.5.4") you can use the same syntax to update the Pipfile and viceversa.

At the moment this has to be done manually so please make sure to update both files accordingly.